Scaffolding is widely used in my country’s construction industry now. It is a variety of supports erected to ensure the operation and horizontal transportation of construction personnel, and it has a very heavy weight in construction engineering. Because different types of engineering construction need to use scaffolding for different purposes, there are many classifications of scaffolding.
Different types of scaffolding in construction
First, By use
Operation (operation) scaffolding
Operational (operational) scaffolding can provide high-altitude operating conditions for construction operations and is divided into structural operating scaffolding (structural scaffolding) and decorative operating scaffolding (decorative scaffolding).
Scaffolding for protection
Protective scaffolding refers to scaffolding used only for safety protection, including various guardrails and scaffolding.
Scaffolding for load bearing and support
Load-bearing and supporting scaffolding refers to scaffolding used for the operation, storage, support and other load-bearing purposes of materials, such as receiving platforms, formwork support frames and installation support frames.
Second, according to the structure
Rod combined scaffolding
Rod combined scaffolding is commonly known as “multi-pole scaffolding”, or “rod group scaffolding” for short.
Frame combined scaffolding
The frame combined scaffold is a scaffold composed of a simple plane frame (such as a door frame) and a connection and a supporting rod.
Combined scaffolding with lattice components
The lattice member combined scaffold is a scaffold composed of truss beams and lattice columns, such as bridge scaffolding.
The bench is a platform frame with a certain height and an operating plane. It is mostly a stereotyped product. This machine has a stable spatial structure and can be used alone or vertically increased and horizontally connected to expand. It is often accompanied by a mobile device.
Three, according to the setting form
- Single row scaffolding
Single-row scaffolding refers to scaffolding with only one row of uprights, with the other end of the small crossbar resting on the wall structure.
- Double row scaffolding
Double-row scaffolding refers to scaffolding with two rows of uprights.
- Multi-row scaffolding
Multi-row scaffolding refers to scaffolding with more than three rows of poles.
- Full house scaffolding
A full house of scaffolding refers to a scaffold that is fully set up according to the scope of construction work and has more than three rows of vertical poles in each direction.
- Cross circle (peripheral) scaffolding
Intersecting (peripheral) scaffolding refers to scaffolding that is set along the perimeter of a building or operating area and connected to each other in an intersecting circle.
- Special-shaped scaffolding
Special-shaped scaffolding refers to scaffolding with special plane and space shapes, such as for chimneys, water towers, cooling towers, and other special forms of building construction such as circular, annular, outer square inner circle, polygonal, upward expansion, and upward contraction. scaffold.
Four, according to the way of support
- Floor-mounted scaffolding
Floor-mounted scaffolding refers to scaffolding that is erected (support) on the ground, floor, roof or other platform structures.
- Cantilevered scaffolding
Cantilevered scaffolding refers to a scaffold that is supported by a cantilevered method.
- Hanging scaffolding attached to the wall
The hanging scaffold attached to the wall is referred to as “hanging scaffold” for short, which refers to the stereotyped scaffolding whose upper or (and) middle part is hung on the wall hanger.
- Suspension scaffolding
Suspended scaffolding is referred to as “hanging scaffolding” for short, which refers to scaffolding suspended under cantilever beams or engineering structures. When a basket-type work frame is used, it is called a “hanging basket”.
- Attached lifting scaffold
Attached lifting scaffold is referred to as a “climbing frame” for short, which refers to a suspended scaffold that is attached to an engineering structure and relies on its own lifting equipment to achieve lifting.
- Horizontal mobile scaffolding
Horizontal mobile scaffold refers to the scaffold or operating platform frame with walking device.
Five, according to the connection method
Socket-type scaffolding refers to scaffolding that uses a socket connection between the flag pole and the vertical pole. Common socket connection methods include inserts and wedge grooves, inserts and bowl buckles, sleeves and plugs, U-shaped brackets, etc.
Fastener-type scaffolding refers to the scaffolding that is connected by fasteners, that is, the scaffolding that is connected by the friction force generated by tightening the fastener bolts.
Other classification methods
- According to material specifications, it can be divided into bamboo scaffolding, wooden scaffolding, steel pipe or metal scaffolding, and portal composite scaffolding;
- According to the erection position, it can be divided into external scaffolding and internal scaffolding;
- According to the occasion of use, it can be divided into high-rise building scaffolding, chimney scaffolding, water tower scaffolding, etc.
There are so many different types of scaffolding for construction site. If you want to learn more about the scaffolding, please leave your messages here.